Available courses

Dr.-Ing. Samuel B. Mabikke
Land and Water Governance Specialist
E-mail: mabikkes@gmail.com
Guest Lecture Provided to the Youth Initiative for Land in Africa (YILAA) Training Center
Porto-Novo Honvie –BENIN
November/December 2022

With Asia facing an ageing farming population, the Asian Farmers’ Association for Sustainable Rural Development (AFA) is aiming to attract youth to agriculture as a priority by strengthening their agency. With support from the International Land Coalition, Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) Forest and Farm Facility (FAO-FFF) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), AFA implemented a series of leadership trainings that resulted in the formation of 10 young farmers’ committees at the national level and one at the regional level. It has developed strategic plans and leadership for these organisations, has enabled their representation at national and regional events and has supported start-up agri‑enterprises in different countries.

Land administration, whether formal or informal, comprises an extensive range of systems and processes to administer. The processes of land administration include the transfer of rights in land from one party to another through sale, lease, loan, gift and inheritance; the regulating of land and property development; the use and conservation of the land; the gathering of revenues from the land through sales, leasing, and taxation; and the resolving of conflicts concerning the ownership and the use of land. Land administration functions may be divided into four components: Juridical, regulatory, fiscal, and information management.

Fishing  is the activity of trying to catch  fish or other aquatic organisms using a fishing gear-beach seine, cast net, drag net, trammel net, gill net, traps, hook and line, non- returned valve, harpoons etc. in the oceans (deep sea fishing) or aquaculture (enclosed body of water).

A Cadastre is normally a parcel based, and up-to-date land information system containing a record of interests in land (e.g. rights, restrictions and responsibilities). It usually includes a geometric description of land parcels linked to other records describing the nature of the interests, the ownership or control of those interests, and often the value of the parcel and its improvements.

`The term ``land'' as understood in customary law has a wide application. It includes the land itself, i.e., the surface soil; the things on the soil which are enjoyed with it as being part of the land by nature, e.g., rivers, streams, lakes, lagoons, creeks, growing trees like palm trees, or as being artificially fixed to it like houses, buildings and any structures whatsoever; it also includes any interest or right in, to, or over the land or over any of the other things which land denotes, e.g., the right to collect snails or herbs, or to hunt on land.'

Une bonne gouvernance foncière peut être un facteur de développement local. En fait, l’implication des jeunes et femmes africains dans les projets fonciers au niveau national et continental pourrait booster le développement territorial et attirer les investisseurs privés. La participation des jeunes à la gouvernance foncière est accidentelle. C’est parfois à travers des projets éphémères qui ne garantissent pas une  participation durable et organisée. D’où la nécessité d’une organisation comme Yilaa. Dans ces conditions, de grands défis attendent les jeunes africains dans le cadre de la gouvernance foncière responsable. D’abord, sur le plan juridique, il nous faut des réformes foncières adaptées aux objectifs du développement durable intégrant les bonnes pratiques d’accès à la terre au profit des jeunes. Ensuite sur le plan politique, une gouvernance responsable et équitable des ressources foncières s’impose. En plus, sur le plan sociologique, il serait important de promouvoir de bonnes pratiques coutumières d’accès  des jeunes à la terre. Enfin, il faut préconiser une harmonisation des politiques foncières au profit des jeunes et des femmes.

Découvrez les Principes pour un investissement responsable dans l’agriculture et les systèmes alimentaires, approuvés par le Comité de la sécurité alimentaire mondiale.